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The Temple Mount, or Mount Moriah, is the site upon which was located the Temple of Solomon and subsequently the Second Temple, which was destroyed by Roman troops in the year 70 CE. On the top of the mountain is the Foundation Stone—sacred to Jews, Christians, and Moslems as the rock upon which Abraham prepared to offer his son (Isaac to Jews and Christians, Ishmael to Moslems) as a sacrifice to God. Today, the Temple Mount is home to more than 100 structures spanning many different eras. The most important of these structures are the golden Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque. Known as Haram al Sharif to Moslems, the top of the mount is under Islamic jurisdiction. Non-Moslems may enter the area only through the Mograbi Gate. At the base of the mount is the Western Wall, one of the retaining walls added to the Second Temple by Herod the Great. The Western Wall is under Jewish jurisdiction. Both sites are active religious sites, and visitors are asked to conduct themselves accordingly and to dress modestly.
Qumran is operated as a national park by the State of Israel. It is an archaeological site on the fringes of the Judean desert above the Dead Sea, in territory that is also claimed by the Palestinian Authority. Qumran is best known as the site of an ancient Jewish community of religious zealots called Essenes, who produced the collection of religious writings now known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. Qumran has been linked by scholars to traditions that were important to the ministry and religious teachings of Jesus as well as to the historical roots of Talmudic Judaism. The Essenes flourished at this remote location during the two centuries before the destruction of Jerusalem by Roman legions and the suppression of the Jewish revolt against the Roman Empire (66-73 CE). The park is open the year round and is less than an hour’s drive from modern Jerusalem. Its facilities include a visitor center, gift shop, and restaurant. An audiovisual presentation helps visitors to place the site into its historical context. The settlement site is accessible to wheelchairs and provides Braille signs for visually impaired visitors.
The Old City in Jerusalem is surrounded by the "Old Walls" and can be accessed through one of the seven gates that can be found around the wall. The Old City is divided into 4 different quarters - the Jewish Quarter, the Christian Quarter, the Armenian Quarter, and the Muslim Quarter. Withing the Old City of Jerusalem you will find some of the most well-known attractions of the city, including holy sites from all three religions. Attractions you will be able to see on a tour through the Old City include the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, Temple Mount, Al Aqsa Mosque, David's Tomb, the Jerusalem Archaelogical Park and the Dome of the Rock - the third holiest place in Muslim religion after Mecca and Madina. You have the possibility to either take a guided tour, a audio tour or just walk by yourself. The Ministry of Tourism operates a Visitor Information Centre in the Old City. It can be found at Safra Square 3, near the Jaffa Gate, and offers maps and leaflets for all those who want to discover the treasures of Jerusalem's Old City by themselves. The opening hours of the Visitor Information Center are Sunday to Thursday form 9am to 4.30 pm and Friday from 9am to 1pm. Parking spaces can be found at Karta (Jaffa Gate), Mount Zion and the Jewish Quarter (Zion Gate) and Givati (Dung Gate). Please note that private cars are not allowed inside the Old City.