The Selous Game Reserve, with its 54,000 km2, is the largest hunting animal reserve in Africa. It is named after Frederick Courtney Selous, a British conservationist, hunter and explorer who died here in 1917. The Rufiji River flows into the Indian Ocean, dividing the reserve into two, north and south. The northern part is reserved for photo safaris, while the southern part is reserved for hunting. The vegetation is very diverse and mixed. A variety of lakes close to the river attract a large number fauna such as giraffes, zebras, wildbeasts, elephants, antelopes, hippos, crocodiles as well as different species of birds. The Selous is home to few specimens of wild dogs, threatened with extinction. The reserve provides some camping areas and a series of lodges scattered along the river.It has two entrances, one to the west from Morogoro, the other to the east from Dar-Es-Salaam and the railroad between Dar-Es-Salaam Mbeya.There are also various airstrips to reach the reserve by small aircrafts. The best period to visit the reserve is during the dry season, which runs from May to November. In 1982 it was designated an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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