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Paharganj was once at the heart of the city of Shahjahanabad, the city built by Shahjahan which represents one of Delhi's earlier reincarnations. It held an important role as the location of the only one of the city's five markets which was within the city walls. Today visitors will find a lively and congested area close to the centre of the city and convenient for the New Delhi Railway Station. The area is particularly popular with young international backpackers because it offers accommodation and restaurants that target the traveler on a low budget. The area is situated just to the north of Connaught Place and is one of three administrative sub-divisions of Central Delhi along with Karol Bagh and Daryaganj.
Rajpath is one of the two great streets of Sir Edwin Lutyens' great architectural design for the city of New Delhi. Lutyens won the commission to design the new city when the capital of India moved to Delhi in 1911 and it took 20 years to bring to fruition. Rajpath was originally known as Kingsway in pre-Independence days and it's sister street was Queensway, now known as Janpath. Rajpath and Janpath cross at the mid-point of a diamond which is marked out by India Gate at the Eastern end and the Secretariat and Presidential Palace at the other. In total, Rajpath is two miles long and its width makes it ideal for parades and processions, the most famous of which is the annual Republic Day Parade on January 26th. Either side of Janpath there are neat wide lawns and long narrow pools of water making the area one of the largest public spaces in the city and a popular place for picnics.
The Masjid-i Jahān-Numā - or Jama Masjid - is the grand mosque of Old Delhi and was built by the Emperor Shah Jahan in 1656. Construction took 5000 workers six years to complete. Shah Jahan also built the Red Fort which stands near to the mosque. Jama Masjid mosques are also often referred to as 'Friday Mosques' since they are the congregational mosques used for the most important prayers of the Muslim week which take place on Fridays. The mosque has a very large courtyard at its centre which can hold up to 25000 worshippers. There is a central water tank for ritual ablutions and the mosque faces towards the west. It can be approached up flights of steps on three sides. The mosque has three marble domes and two minarets. Visitors are welcome to visit the mosque except during prayer time and after 5pm so long as they are modestly dressed. This means no vests or shorts, covered heads for ladies and shoes must be removed. Sarongs can be borrowed to cover up any non-compliances. The floor of the courtyard can become exceptionally hot during the summer months so socks may be advisable to avoid burning feet. Entrance is free but there is a camera fee.
Red Fort - Lal Qila
Die 1648 fertiggestellte Festung aus rotem Sandstein liess Shah Jahan erbauen. Bis 1857 bewohnten die Moghulherrscher das Fort. Die Festung ist 2km lang, umgeben von tiefen Bruggräben und die Mauern sind zwischen 18 und 30 Metern hoch. Im Inneren des Roten Fort befinden sich Gärten, Pavillons, eine Moschee sowie Museen. Jeden Abend, außer montags, findet nach Sonnenuntergang eine einstündige Lichtshow statt. Geöffnet ist das Rote Fort täglich außer montags von Sonnenauf- bis Sonneuntergang. Zu erreichen ist das Rote Fort am einfachsten mit einer Autoricksha. Der Haupteingang befindet sich am Lahore Gate.
India Gate was designed by British architect Lutyens, the man responsible for most of New Delhi's architecture. The gate is a 42m high arch which was built in 1931 to commemorate the war dead of India who died in World War One. The faces of the arch are inscribed with the names of soldiers. In 1971 an eternal flame was added to honour the Immortal Soldier. Standing just behind the arch is a red sandstone canopy which in pre-independence days held a statue of George V and now stands empty. The surrounding area is a pleasant green park with facilities for pedal boats, lots of food and souvenir vendors and plenty of taxis. Visitors should be warned that the traffic is shocking and it may take some time to cross the roads. There is no fee to visit and the arch is als well viewed at night when it is attractively floodlit.
The National Museum in Delhi is home to more than 200 000 artifacts reflecting more than 5000 years of Indian history and prehistory, it was purpose built as a home for the nation's treasures. The museum's collection of Indus River Valley Relics from Harrapa and Mohenjo Daro is particularly noteworthy and the collection of Silk Road treasures from Central Asia is one of the finest in the world. The museum is laid out over three floors and has frequent special temporary exhibitions. The National Museum is closed on Mondays and public holidays. Normal opening hours are 10.00 to 17.00. Entry for those who are not Indian Nationals is 300 rupees (approx 4.2 €) which includes a free audio tour. All but the smallest bags must be left at the left luggage office and all visitors are subject to security checks and bag x-rays. The Museum is to the south of New Delhi city centre on Janpath, just to the south of Rajpath.