The Church Square is the historical centre point of the South African capital Pretoria.
It was commissioned by the first president of the South African Republic, Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, in 1855 and used as a market place, for church events and as a sports field.
Its main feature and focal point, the bronze statue of State President Paul Kruger, was designed by Anton van Wouw and finished in 1900. The statue has adorned several other locations throughout Pretoria until it finally found a permanent home on Church Square in 1954. It is surrounded by the statues of 4 anonymous Boer soldiers.
Around the square several historical and architectural interesting buildings can be found. These include the Old Capital Theatre, the Ou Raadsaal (Old Council Chamber), the turreted Palace of Justice, where Nelson Mandela stood trial, the Tudor Chambers and the Old Post Office.
Parades by the National Ceremonial Guard and a military band are held on the square on each Wednesday from 9.30 am to 10.30 am.
Rhino & Lion Nature Reserve
The Rhino & Lion Nature Reserve offers day visitors a kiosk, curio shop, restaurant, play park, snake displays, barbecue facilities and swimming pool. Opening hours are daily from 08h00 - 15h45. For those planning a stay-over there is a rest camp which offers self-catering chalets and log cabins. Activities such as abseiling, game drives and horse trails can be arranged.
There is also an Animal Crèche and the Reserve features various species of buck, hippos, ostriches, cheetahs, lions, crocodiles and more. The reserve has an observatory and full details of events and pricing are available at the web site.
Rhino & Lion Nature Reserve is home to the Wonder Cave which is estimated to be 1.5 million years old and reaches a depth of about 60m. The cave is accessible by elevator and includes a number of stalactite and stalagmite formations. The reserve is located within the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Cradle of Humankind".
The Sterkfontein Caves are a World Heritage Site and home to the famous Mrs Ples, a Australopithecus africanus, whose fossilised remains were discovered in the upper levels in 1947. Until now, about 500 human ancestor specimens have been excavated. Findings of about 1.5 to 2 million years old stone tools are considered to be the earliest cultural remains yet found in southern Africa.
The lower levels of the caves which are open to the public contain an underground lake and limestone formations.
Letamo Game Farm
Located in the region of the Cradle of Humankind, the Letamo Game Reserve consists of varied habitats which allow for it to house a large selection of buck species, hippos, Zebras and more. There is also more than 160 species of bird life and some dams. Facilities include the Forum Homini hotel, which is also home to Roots restaurant. Within a 10km radius are 13 archaeological sites to explore, including the Sterkfontein caves.
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