Jallianwala Bagh is a public gardens which commemorates a massacre which took place on April 13th 1919. At a time of civil unrest, a large number of people gathered in the gardens to celebrate the festival of Baisakhi, one of the holiest days in the Sikh calendar. Mistaking the revelers with their picnics for a political rabble, Brigadier General Reginald Dyer took soldiers into the gardens where they fired off 1650 rounds of ammunition killing hundreds and injuring many more.
Today the Jallianwala Bagh is both a peaceful public space and a moving testament to the past. There is a small museum to the dead which records the stories of people caught up in the killing and contains portraits and paintings of the scene. The Martyrs Well in which scores of people threw themselves preferring to drown than face the bullets is now covered over. Visitors can also see walls pock-marked with bullet holes, an eternal flame to commemorate the deaths and a large red sandstone monument.
The gardens are a few hundred meters from the Golden Temple and are open daily, closing at dusk. Entrance is free.
The Chandigarh War Memorial is believed to be the largest such memorial in India and carries the inscribed names of 8459 servicemen killed since the country achieved independence in 1947. The memorial sits within the Bougainvillea Garden of Chandigarh and has been open since 2006.
The names on the memorial are of citizens of the Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and the Union Territory of Chandigarh.
Sector 17 Plaza
Sector 17 is Chandigarh's plush shopping district which draws visitors from a great distance. This 'block' of Chandigarh is the hub of the city's shopping zone and filled with both up-market stores including many of the international chains that aren't often found elsewher in India and smaller local stores and street sellers.
Sector 17 is planned around 4 large pedestrian zones decorated with fountains, sculptures and trees. Covered walk ways help shoppers keep out of the sun in the summer and keep the elements at bay in the winter.
Sector 17 is Chandigarh's place to see and be seen and is a vibrant destination both day and night.
High Court of Punjab and Haryana
When India and Pakistan became two separate countries, the state of Punjab was split leaving the Indian side with no capital city. Chandigarh was created as a new planned city to fill the gap.
The High Court of Punjab and Haryana forms part of the Capitol Complex designed by the Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier as a key building in the new city. This enormous concrete building was built between 1951 and 1957 and is considered a masterpiece of 1950s architecture. The building is covered by a concrete canopy roof with three 20m high coloured pillars.
Inside the building, the courts contain a number of large colourful tapestries, also designed by Le Corbusier.
As the building is a functioning court house, visitors are subject to security searches and may need prior approval. Permission to visit the buildings of the Capitol Complex can be gained from the Principal of the Chandigarh Architecture College, the Deputy Director of Tourism, or the Tourist Officer at Chandigarh Tourism. Details can be found at www.chandigarhtourism.gov.in
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