The Selous Game Reserve, with its 54,000 km2, is the largest hunting animal reserve in Africa. It is named after Frederick Courtney Selous, a British conservationist, hunter and explorer who died here in 1917. The Rufiji River flows into the Indian Ocean, dividing the reserve into two, north and south. The northern part is reserved for photo safaris, while the southern part is reserved for hunting. The vegetation is very diverse and mixed. A variety of lakes close to the river attract a large number fauna such as giraffes, zebras, wildbeasts, elephants, antelopes, hippos, crocodiles as well as different species of birds. The Selous is home to few specimens of wild dogs, threatened with extinction. The reserve provides some camping areas and a series of lodges scattered along the river.It has two entrances, one to the west from Morogoro, the other to the east from Dar-Es-Salaam and the railroad between Dar-Es-Salaam Mbeya.There are also various airstrips to reach the reserve by small aircrafts. The best period to visit the reserve is during the dry season, which runs from May to November. In 1982 it was designated an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This Park covers an area of about 15,000 square kilometres and lies near the Kenyan border, where it continues with the Masai Mara National Reserve. The name Serengeti comes from the Maasai word ""siringet"" meaning '˜endless plains'™ and it is the oldest national park in Tanzania. It is famous for its annual animal migration. Here more than 200,000 zebras and 300,000 Thomson's gazelles join the wildebeest'™s in crossing the Mara rive in search for better grazing fields. The fauna of the park inlcudes, among others, lion, leopard, elephant, rhinoceros, Patterson's eland, Klipspringer, Dikdik, impala, zebra, buffalo, cheetah, gazelle and giraffe, warthog, hyraxes, baboon as well as a large and variety of bird and reptile population. The Serengeti's climate is usually warm and dry. The main rainy season is from March to May, with short rains falling from October to November.
The Park is an UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area was established in 1959 and covers an area of 8288 kmÂ². A variety of landscapes, wildlife, archaeology dominates this area. With its volcanoes, grasslands, waterfalls and mountain forests home to thousands of animals, it is also home to the Maasai people. The most visited place of this area is the Ngorongoro Crater, the largest unflooded and unbroken caldera in the world. It has a mean diameter of 16-19km and a crater floor of 26,400ha. Other craters are Olmoti Crater, Oldonyo Lengai Crater, Empakaai Crater. The conservation area also includes Olduvai Gorge, famous for geology and associated palaeotological studies. The fauna of the area is represented by black rhinos, zebras, elands, gazelles, hippos, waterbucks, flamingoes, spotted hyenas. In 1979 the area became an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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