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High Court of Punjab and Haryana
When India and Pakistan became two separate countries, the state of Punjab was split leaving the Indian side with no capital city. Chandigarh was created as a new planned city to fill the gap. The High Court of Punjab and Haryana forms part of the Capitol Complex designed by the Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier as a key building in the new city. This enormous concrete building was built between 1951 and 1957 and is considered a masterpiece of 1950s architecture. The building is covered by a concrete canopy roof with three 20m high coloured pillars. Inside the building, the courts contain a number of large colourful tapestries, also designed by Le Corbusier. As the building is a functioning court house, visitors are subject to security searches and may need prior approval. Permission to visit the buildings of the Capitol Complex can be gained from the Principal of the Chandigarh Architecture College, the Deputy Director of Tourism, or the Tourist Officer at Chandigarh Tourism. Details can be found at www.chandigarhtourism.gov.in
The Ridge is a meeting area in the centre of Shimla which runs between Scandal Point and Christ Church. It's a large open area which is the watershed for the city and houses a large water reservoir that supplies the entire city. Standing at either side of the Ridge, visitors can see panoramic views of the mountains to either side. The Ridge has food stands, horse rides for children and other amusements. There are statues of important figures such as Mohatma Gandhi and Indira Gandhi as well as the first Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh. A Summer Festival is held on the ridge and it is also used for New Years Eve celebrations. The Ridge can only be reached on foot as the centre of the city is barred to vehicles.
Scandal Point is a key meeting point in the centre of Shimla and was a place where young lovers congregated in the days of the British rule when Shimla was considered the most risque city in India. Scandal Point is located on the Mall - the city's main pedestrian street - at the point where it intersects with The Ridge. The place takes its name from a scandal in which the Maharaja of Patiala ran off with the daughter of the Commander in Chief of the Imperial Army. The key things to see at Scandal Point are the covered police stand and the statue of Lala Lajpat Rai but mostly it's a place to watch the crowds promenading around the streets.
Christ Church Shimla
Christ Church is the yellow church which stands on The Mall, next door to the library. It is one of the most prominent buildings in the city and can be seen for miles around due to its striking colour and its night-time floodlighting. The Church was designed by Colonel JT Boileau in 1844 and was used regularly after its consecration in 1857. Today with the departure of the British who made Shimla their summer capital, there are few remaining worshippers using the church although a service still takes place on Sundays. The church is famed for its stained glass windows. The church is not generally open except during services but the tourist office on The Mall may be able to advise visitors how to gain entry.
Kalka Shimla Railway
In the days of British rule in India, Shimla was the official Summer Capital of the administration. For more than a century the Kalka Shimla Railway has been a popular method for visitors to reach the city. The Kalka Shimla Railway is known as a 'Toy Train' - a narrow gauge mountain-climber. The railway stretches for almost 100 km and climbs to an altitude of almost 7000 feet, passing through 102 tunnels and over 864 bridges. A one-way fare in first class costs approximately €7 and includes tea and a snack. The journey from Kalka to Shimla takes around 5 hours and offers extensive views of the mountains and villages along the route. Seats can be booked on-line at the Indian Railways website - www.irctc.co.in The train arrives at Shimla station which is approximately 6 km from the city centre. Taxis are available at the station. The Kalka Shimla Railway is one of three narrow gauge railways included in the UNESCO World Heritage Inscription for 'Mountain Railways of India' along with the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway